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The results indicate a trend for the implementation of smaller and lighter vehicles for last mile deliveries in urban areas: 47% of the studies suggest, among other alternatives, the use of bicycles and tricycles; while 53% of the articles support the use of light commercial vehicles.
Another trend observed in this type of distribution, indicated in 64% of the studies, is the shift from conventional (fossil fuels) to alternative sources of energy (electricity).
In this context, identifying new operation models and vehicles that could be applied for last mile deliveries in urban areas becomes crucial.
Therefore, this paper aims to identify, through a systematic literature review, the main types of vehicles addressed in the literature that could be used in the last mile of urban freight distribution in order to increase the sustainability of this type of operation.
Cross-sectional, multivariate logistic regression analysis using secondary data.
The next section details the methodology and research protocol used for the systematic literature review (SLR).Other work examines factors influencing the adoption and use of medical technologies more generally, including particular work on imaging equipment.