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French paratroopers flew in within 24 hours to restore M'ba to power.
After a few days of fighting, the coup ended and the opposition was imprisoned, despite widespread protests and riots.
However, when M'ba dissolved the National Assembly in January 1964 to institute one-party rule, an army coup sought to oust him from power and restore parliamentary democracy.It has an area of nearly 270,000 square kilometres (100,000 sq mi) and its population is estimated at 2 million people. Since its independence from France in 1960, the sovereign state of Gabon has had three presidents.In the early 1990s, Gabon introduced a multi-party system and a new democratic constitution that allowed for a more transparent electoral process and reformed many governmental institutions.The territories of French Equatorial Africa became independent on August 17, 1960.
The first president of Gabon, elected in 1961, was Léon M'ba, with Omar Bongo Ondimba as his vice president.French soldiers still remain in the Camp de Gaulle on the outskirts of Gabon's capital to this day.